I. The Old Testament. By the year 300 B.C. (at the latest) all Old Testament books had been written, collected, revered, and recognized as official, canonical books. Many believe Ezra, the prophet led the first recognition council.
II. The New Testament. During the Third Council of Carthage, held in A.D. 397, the 27 New Testament books were declared to be canonical. The twenty-seven New Testament books were not inspired because the Carthage Council proclained them to be, but rather the Council proclaimed them to be such because they were already inspired.
This series is from my hand-out notes during our six months Church Membership Class in LWCM , Banilad, Cebu, Philippines. The class was conducted by our Senior Pastor Mel Caparros.